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Newsletter - October 18, 2023

LWVIN | Published on 10/18/2023


The LWV of Montgomery County welcomed 55 League members from across the state to Crawfordsville on September 30 for President’s Day 2023.

League leaders representing 18 of our local leagues gathered to share their significant accomplishments, hear updates on major state initiatives and issue advocates’ work, and learn from presentations on the LWVUS Transformation Roadmap (the Impact on Indiana), Voting by Mail, and Crossing the Political Divide. Reports, handouts, and PowerPoint presentations are available here:

Statewide initiatives all support our commitment to Making Democracy Work.

  •– LWVIN pays for every local league to participate.Yard signs (and the graphic) are available!
  • Civics Handbook (through LWVUS grant)to be available to all Local Leagues early next spring
  • Local Redistricting Research and Education Project
  • Indiana Business Alliance for Civics (IBAC) partnership
  • Advocacy Teams working with the Social Media Team to expand methods for making calls to action

Five Past State Presidents were recognized, many for their continuing service: Ginny Webb, 1975-77; Paulette Vandegriff, 1995-97 and Co-President 2001-2003; Joanne Evers, 2006-2009; Amy Miller, 2014-2015; and Barb Schilling, Co-President 2019-2023.

The Democracy Hanging by a Thread quilt top—with squares contributed by members from across Indiana—was on display. It was begun when the Indiana legislature approved redistricting maps in 2021 that would maintain their supermajority for this decade. The finished quilt should be ready for League Day at the Statehouse January 31, 2024!

Following Helen Hudson’s presentation detailing how LWVMC continues to support their community across partisan lines, Crawfordsville Mayor Todd Barton affirmed the prevailing collaborative environment Helen described. We could all learn from their example of working together for the entire community!

With special thanks to LWVMC for hosting us—as one participant put it—“beautifully and deliciously at Fusion.”

Linda Hanson, President, LWVIN

October 23, 2023 at 7pm ET

The LWVUS Transformation Roadmap implementation will have significant impact on Indiana leagues. Please join Tom Gardiner, State Treasurer, as he goes deeper into the material he presented at President’s Day a few weeks ago. There will be time for questions.
This zoom session will be most valuable for local league presidents, treasurers and membership chairs but any member interested may attend.

Please register for this free session HERE.


What began as a regional water transfer issue is rapidly expanding into questions about statewide water management and likely bills in the upcoming Indiana General Assembly; but first, some background.

A planned 9,000 acre+ LEAP (Limitless Exploration/Advanced Pace innovation district) in Boone County is being spearheaded by the Indiana Economic Development Corporation (IEDC). LEAP is located north and west of Lebanon where US 52 and Interstate 65 come together. IEDC plans to provide the water needed for this development from collection wells on property bordering the Wabash River in western Tippecanoe County, which it is purchasing, and maybe other possible sites in the county; and then use 35 miles of piping to deliver the water to Lebanon. The piping costs are estimated by some to be at least $2 billion, not counting right-of-way costs.In the last session of the Indiana General Assembly, there were significant increases in IEDC’s budget related to this project.

Published reports also indicate that IEDC • now mentions a 55 mile pipeline extending to Hamilton County and the Indy metro area • has hired a firm to begin utility relocations contrary to promises made to local officials that work would not begin until the water sustainability study being done for IEDC by the water resource consulting firm INTERA was completed; • has begun design of the pipeline; • has already spent $126m on land acquisition; • is considering whether to useLEAP as a blueprint for additional commercial and industrial parks across the state.

The prevailing legal view is that whoever owns the land owns whatever water is pumped up from that land.However, the concept of not doing additional harm to your neighbor may be emerging. That raises the complex, undocumented, and expensive issue of determining water supply sustainability as well as the definition of harm to your neighbor. What will be the effect on other wells in the area? on Wabash River levels? The most the City of Lafayette pumps from its wellfields on the hottest summer day is 17 mgd (million gallons per day). Reports indicate that 100 mgd could eventually be piped to the LEAP district.

Eli Lilly and Co. is the first confirmed tenant on a 600 acre parcel in the LEAP district, has committed $3.7 billion to develop a 13-building campus totaling more than 1.6 million square feet, and will use a more local water source.The Indianapolis Business Journal(IBJ) reported that IEDC “is pursuing several projects that together would exceed $50 billion in total investment if they come to fruition…(and)… is marketing 14 sites to would-be users, ranging fromn 80 acres to 1,540 acres..."The map is from the IEDC website and the rendering was included in an IBJ article.

Elected leaders in Tippecanoe County only learned about LEAP last fall after IEDC had been working on the project for several years. Viewing the LWV of Greater Lafayette as a trusted non-partisan organization, they asked LWVGL to convene a public informational meeting. The June forum (go to and then click Environmental Sustainability brought out more than 300 concerned citizens and raised important points. In addition to the basic question of water supply sustainability, there are the possible negative effects of transporting water from one watershed to another and the impacts on flood plains as well as on river and stream beds. IEDC was invited, but did not attend.

As public interest continued to grow, an event this fall hosted by a local conservative group brought over 400 to learn more. Speakers included IEDC, INTERA, Lafayette Mayor Roswarski, Tippecanoe County Commissioner Murtaugh, State Representative Sharon Negele, and State Senator Spencer Deery. Negele and Deery announced that they are working on a bill dealing with water issues for the upcoming IGA. View the video of that meeting HEREThe group now has a follow up meeting scheduled.

Before possible LWVIN action, properly updating you, our fellow LWVIN members, is crucial. In addition to electronic access to the informative public meetings, the Purdue Institute for a Sustainable Future did an April webinar entitled Water Withdrawals, Transfers, Sustainable Use and Policy in Indiana.

Go HERE to access the LWV 2022-2024 Impact on Issues. Scroll down to pages 97-99 on a Mac (or pages 100-102 on an iPhone or PC) to see the League positions on Land Use, Water Resources, and Proposed Interbasin Water Transfers.

If you have questions or input, please contact Natural Resources Co-Chair Liz Solberg ( If you would liketo receive updates on this and other environmental issues, contact NR Co-ChairsKristina Lindborg ( Cheryl Chapman (

The United States Courts within the Seventh and Eighth Circuits are hosting the Fourth Annual Bill of Rights Day Contest and we want YOU to be a part of it!

Students in Grades 5-12 from Arkansas, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, and Wisconsin are encouraged to submit art and essays on the importance of the Bill of Rights. Be as creative as you like!

Submission deadline is Oct 29, 2023. Finalists from each grade level will receive a $50 prize and advance to the finals. Grand prize winners will be awarded a $500 cash prize, be able to take part in a virtual award ceremony with a federal judge on Wednesday, December 6,and have their name and submission shared on the websites of the participating United States District Courts.

Here is a link to the website explaining the contest:

Bill of Rights Day | The Judicial Learning Center

The contest applies to all schools within the 7th and 8th judicial districts (All of Indiana is in the 7th).

Lisa Plencner


Profiles of lesser-known heroines in the fight for women's rights

Dollree Mapp


On May 20, 1957, a short article appeared on the front page of Sanduksy, Ohio’sRegister Star-News, reporting from Cleveland. “Bomb Home of Policy Operator,” the headline read. This policy operator was Don King, who made money as an illegal bookie before he turned to boxing promotion years later. “The home of a known policy operator, Donald King, 25, was bombed here today,” theRegister Star-Newsreported, “but no one was injured. King was alone at the time.” An anonymous tipster, possibly Don King himself, had an idea of who might have been responsible, and where the suspect might be. The address given to police led them to the door of Dollree Mapp.

Donald F. Tibbs recounted for the Stetson Law Review: “By this time, Mapp had already called her attorney, who told her to wait until he arrived to let the police in. However, upon their return the police again requested entrance but were denied. So they walked around to the back of her home and forcibly entered through a side door. Mapp confronted them and demanded to see a warrant. The police said they had a warrant and produced a piece of paper. However, the paper was completely blank—meaning they did not have a warrant. But Mapp did not acquiesce.”


The official court account written by Justice Tom C. Clark told the rest of the incident: “A struggle ensued in which the officers recovered the piece of paper and as a result of which they handcuffed appellant because she had been ‘belligerent’ in resisting their official rescue of the ‘warrant’ from her person…Appellant, in handcuffs, was then forcibly taken upstairs to her bedroom where the officers searched…The search spread…


.…”The obscene materials for possession of which she was ultimately convicted were discovered in the course of that widespread search.” These obscene materials included pencil-sketch nudes and four illustrated erotic books with titles like “Memoirs of a Hotel Man” and “Affairs of a Troubadour.”

The police did eventually find the bombing suspect, though he was later cleared of the crime. Dollree, however, was tried and convicted of owning obscene materials. She received a sentence of up to seven years in prison. The search warrant in contention was never verifiably produced.


The Ohio Civil Liberties Union joined the case as amicus curare…lending support and weight to the appeal. They lost; the state supreme court affirmed Dollree’s conviction. Dollree and her lawyers...appealed the conviction, first to the Ohio Supreme Court on the grounds that the obscenity laws violated the rights to freedom of speech and privacy....They then submitted a writ of certiorari, arguing that the United States Supreme Court should hear the case. The Supreme Court, headed at this time by Chief Justice Earl Warren, agreed.

On March 29, 1961, the case Mapp v. Ohio came before the Supreme Court. There was a 6-3 decision in favor of Mapp. Dollree and her lawyers again presented their case that Ohio’s obscenity laws violated the First, Fourth, and Fourteenth Amendments. The court easily concurred with part of the argument.“The justices drew laughs from the courtroom gallery while leaving no doubt how absurd they found Ohio’s obscenity statute,” reported Ken Armstrong for The Marshall Project. “They took turns toying with the lawyer for the state, asking, if mere possession of obscene material constituted a crime, why the clerk of court had not been indicted, or the administrators at certain university libraries, or psychologists, or bibliophiles.”

While the emphasis of Dollree’s legal representation was to challenge the constitutionality of the obscenity laws, a different aspect of the case caught the Justices’ eyes: namely, the Fourth Amendment, mentioned only briefly in the writ of certiorari.

The Fourth Amendment to the United States Constitution affirms that “[t]he right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.”

On June 19, 1961, in a 6-3 decision…the majority justices resolved what they saw as the “asymmetry” created by Wolf v. ColoradoThe protection of the Fourth Amendment, they contended, was not meaningfully held by U.S. citizens “if the whim of any police officer who, in the name of law enforcement itself, chooses to suspend its enjoyment.”


Dollree’s conviction was officially overturned, and United States law enforcement was drastically altered. In Search and Seizure: A Treatise on the Fourth Amendment, author Wayne R. LaFave called Dollree “the Rosa Parks of the Fourth Amendment.”

Ten years later in 1971, police (this time with a valid, legal warrant) searched Dollree’s home. They found heroin and stolen property valued at $150,000. Under the era’s new “tough on crime” drug laws, she received a mandatory sentence of up to 20 years. Later, Dollree would claim she was targeted by police due to her involvement in Mapp v. Ohio.

It was at the Bedford Hills Correctional Facility for Women that Dollree befriended fellow inmate Deidra Smith...Smith and Mapp helped organize opposition to the so-called Rockefeller Drug Laws…,which were later rolled back, with many of the mandatory minimums eliminated, and Mapp, who did extensive research in the law library, helped other inmates with such issues as visitation rights. In 1980 Gov. Hugh Carey, no fan of the state’s unforgiving drug laws, commuted Mapp’s sentence, and she was paroled soon after.”

In 1981, Dollree, now nearly 60 years old, began working at a non-profit that provided legal assistance to prison inmates. She leaned on her schooling in fashion to work as a seamstress and start a variety of businesses, “from beauty supplies to furniture upholstery to real estate,” according to The Marshall Project. She spoke at law schools about her Supreme Court case, telling what a faculty member called “colorful tales, embellished with curse words and opinionated bravado.”

To read this entire article go HERE.

Kathryn S Gardiner

Pam Locker, Editor, LWVIN Voter